Pictorial essay radiology how to write

  1. A pictorial essay: Radiology of lines and tubes in the intensive care unit.
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Acta Radiologica Open requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please supply your funding declaration within the title page to facilitate anonymous peer review. It is the policy of Acta Radiologica Open to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles. When making a declaration the disclosure information must be specific and include any financial relationship that all authors of the article has with any sponsoring organization and the for-profit interests the organization represents, and with any for-profit product discussed or implied in the text of the article.

Any commercial or financial involvements that might represent an appearance of a conflict of interest need to be additionally disclosed in the covering letter accompanying your article to assist the Editor in evaluating whether sufficient disclosure has been made. Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number. Again, this information should be included within the title page, as opposed to the main document in order to facilitate anonymous peer review. For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient or parent or guardian gives written informed consent for publication.

Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published. Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text.

A pictorial essay: Radiology of lines and tubes in the intensive care unit.

A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient s or a legally authorized representative. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract. Where statistical analyses have been carried out please ensure that the methodology has been accurately described. In comparative studies power calculations are usually required. SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. Acta Radiologica Open and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously.

We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. If material has been previously published, it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal.

However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Acta Radiologica Open publishes manuscripts under Creative Commons licenses. Avoid any use of abbreviations in the article title and abstract. Title page Title page, including manuscript title, author s 's names and surnames, affiliation s , corresponding author's name, address, fax and e-mail; must be uploaded as a separate file on Manuscript Central to allow double-blind peer-review.

To secure a blinded review, the acknowledgement, conflict of interest and funding should be given on the title page, and not in the manuscript itself. Such information will be included in the manuscript when the article has been accepted. Provide a blind title page with title only as the first page of the manuscript. The manuscript itself has to be cleared of any information that unveils the identity of the authors and their institution to allow double-blind peer-review.

These are original studies on limited subjects, or, occasionally, interesting cases. Arrange the manuscript according to the instructions for full-length reports with a structured abstract see below , but keep the length of the Introduction and Discussion to a minimum. Key words must be added after the abstract. The number of tables, figures, and references should be kept to a minimum. The main body should, as a rule, be limited to words. The Abstract must under no circumstances exceed words and must be organized in the following subsections:.

Heading should be in letter size bold 12, main text normal Material and Methods heading should be in letter size bold 12, main text normal Results heading should be in letter size bold 12, main text normal Conclusion heading should be in letter size bold 12, main text normal Use the drop-down menu in Manuscript Central Review articles should have a non-structured Abstract which should be limited to words. Short reports should have an Abstract structured like an original article. The number of words must not exceed words.

Main body The Abstract and main body together should as a rule not exceed 3, words. The main body of an original article and a short report should be organized in the following sections:. All headings should have letter size bold Subheadings in the main body should have letter size italics References please see section 6. Tables The tables should be located immediately after the references in the manuscript. If the presentation of the data necessitates more space, some of the tables should be prepared to be published online only.

Each table must have a short descriptive title placed at the top of the table. The tables should not repeat results presented in the text. There must not be any kind of double documentation between text and tables. Tables must be presented in MS Word by using rows and column format.

Format tables with horizontal lines only, at the top and bottom of the table as well as below the headers. Figure legends Graphic elements and illustrations are accepted if providing unique data that cannot be described in the text, and should be clearly marked with Arabic numbers as they appear in the text.

Figure legends should be provided after the tables, numbered as Fig. To ensure correct placement in the journal layout, note the figure reference abbreviated within parentheses when referring to the figure in text, e. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Graphs made with Office software such as Microsoft Excel, can be provided in their original format to facilitate conversion into printable format with preserved quality.

A figure image should be at least mm in width at the appropriate resolution. This journal is able to host additional materials online e.

Please refer to the reference style guide. References in the text they should appear as numbers starting at 1 within parentheses. At the end of the paper they should be listed double-spaced in numerical order corresponding to the order of citation in the text. All authors should be quoted for papers with up to three authors; for papers with more than three authors, list the first three followed by 'et al. Abbreviations for titles of medical periodicals should conform to those used in the latest edition of Index Medicus. The first and last page numbers for each reference must be provided.

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This applies to all published material including textbooks. The year followed by ";", volume followed by ":" and the pages; the issue should not be mentioned. Abstracts and letters must be identified as such. The DOI number should be listed for articles that have been accepted for publication but have not yet been. Dual energy CT: how well can pseudo-monochromatic imaging reduce metal artifacts? Med Phys ;— Painful bone marrow edema of the knee: differential diagnosis and therapeutic concepts.

Orthop Clin North Am ;—, ix. Authors: Last name followed by initials; no comma in between. Authors are separated by commas. Journal Title: Journal titles should follow Index Medicus abbreviations. Journal titles should appear in roman type. All authors are to be listed when six or fewer; when there are seven or more, the first six should be given, followed by 'et al.

After writing the authors' last names first, the first letter of their first and middle names should be capitalized. For all references, inclusive page numbers e. The style and punctuation of references should follow the format illustrated in the following examples. Usual interstitial pneumonia and non-specific interstitial pneumonia: serial thin-section CT findings correlated with pulmonary function. Korean J Radiol ; MRI of the extremities: an anatomic atlas, 2nd ed.

Philadelphia: Saunders, Chapter in a book Choi BI. Comparison of different imaging techniques. Diagnosis and treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma, 3rd ed.

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London: Green-wich Medical Media, For tables, Arabic numerals should be employed. The title of the table should be clearly stated in the form of a paragraph or sentence. The first letters of nouns and adjectives should be capitalized. Tables should not be longer than one page and must contain at least four lines and two columns of data. Tables are to be numbered in the order in which they are cited in the text. Figures should be in the form of glossy prints, all with a uniform size of 5 7 inches.

On the back of each print, write its number, indicating proper directions i. Never use ink or ballpoint pen.

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In the case of multiple prints bearing the same number, use English letters after the numerals to indicate the correct order. All figure parts relating to one patient should have the same figure number. All arrows and lettering should be applied directly to the figures using removable transfers e. Line drawings should be black on a white background and submitted as a photographic print. Written permission should be obtained for the use of all previously published illustrations and copies of permission letters should be included.

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Authors may wish to make written suggestions about the arrangement of illustrations. Legends should be numbered in the order in which they are cited, using Arabic numerals. On a separate sheet of paper, write a description in English using one complete sentence rather than a phrase or paragraph. A review article should focus on a specific topic in a scholarly manner and will be published as a commissioned paper at the request of the editorial board. Neither new information nor personal opinion is to be included. The abstract should be limited to words or less and consist of one paragraph.

The scope of the paper should be defined in the introduction, and headings should be used to separate and organize the text. The length should not exceed 15 pages, with a maximum of 60 references and 15 figures. This is a visual teaching material. Messages are delivered by. As many as 30 figures will be accepted. Abstract should not exceed words. Introduction defines the scope and summary of paper with one half or less of a page. Headings are used for separation and organization of text.

Limit references to Abstract: This should be limited to 80 words and consist of one paragraph without a separate introduction, subjects and methods, results or conclusion. Introduction: Without using the title as an introduction, describe briefly the general background and significance of the case study. Case report: The clinical study should be restricted to matters directly related to imaging diagnosis. Discussion: Focus on the specific area which the case emphasizes and avoid lengthy explanations of references.

Constructive criticism of a specific thesis published by the Korean Journal of Radiology is welcome. Letters dealing with subjects of general interest within the field of radiology or personal opinions on a specific subject within the realm of scientific study may also be accepted. The maximum length of a letter to the editor should be three pages, with a maximum of four references. Informed consent should be obtained from patients who participated in clinical investigations.

If experiments involve animals, the authors must comply with NIH guidelines for the use of laboratory animals, and state that they have done so. Written permission should be obtained for the use of all previously published illustrations, and copies of permission letters are to be included. An appropriate credit line should be included in the accompanying legend.

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Upon acceptance, the final version is to be submitted on a 3. The diskette should be labeled with the program used, manuscript number, name of the corresponding author and the file name. Complete the following checklist: two clean copies of the manuscript, two sets of matched figures, and copyright and certifications agreement form with the signatures of all authors. Instructions for Original Submission of Manuscripts 2. Characteristics and Categories of Manuscripts 3. Online submission of Original Manuscripts 4.

Instructions for Submission of Revised Manuscripts. Instructions for Original Submission of Manuscripts The following information will help you prepare your manuscript for electronic submission to KJR e-submit. You will be able to monitor the progress of your manuscript through the peer review process. The neck and scalp are common sites. Shunts can be improperly positioned at the level of the ventricles or within the peritoneum Figure 12a and Figure 12b ; similarly, shunt migration can occur at both ends.

Within the abdomen, the viscera can also be perforated by the shunt. Intercostal drains: These are used for drainage of a pneumothorax or effusion. All the holes of the drain should be within the pleural space 1 Figure The tube should ideally be inserted in the midaxillary line via the 4th-6th intercostal spaces. It should be lying apico-anterior in patients with a pneumothorax. The peripherally inserted central catheter PICC is inserted into peripheral limb veins, with the end lying in the distal SVC or at the cavo-atrial junction.

Common complications are related to insertion and malpositioning Figure Correctly positioning it is important for the administration of certain intravenous medications. Other venous catheters include dialysis catheters and chemotherapy ports. These can be malpositioned or become occluded by thrombus and fibrin sheaths chemotherapy ports. The transpyloric tube is similar to the NGT, except that it is longer and its end is sited distal to the pylorus proximal to ligament of Treitz.

It is used for feeding. Reploggel suction catheters are used in patients with oesophageal atresia to remove saliva from the blind ending oesophageal pouch. The markings of a Reploggel tube form a dashed line, and help to differentiate it from the ETT Figure The authors declare that they have no financial or personal relationships which may have inappropriately influenced them in writing this article.

Jain SN. A pictorial essay: Radiology of lines and tubes in the intensive care unit. Indian J Radiol Imaging. Ahmed A, Pitcher G. Umbilical vein variation - Case of an umbilical vein draining into the portal venous system. S Afr J Radiol. Evaluation of umbilical catheter and tube placement in premature infants. Cardiac tamponade following umbilical vein catheterization in a neonate.

S Afr Med J. PMID: Neonates and umbilical venous catheters: Normal appearance, anomalous positions, complications, and potential aid to diagnosis. Am J Roentgenol. The acute pediatric chest. Appl Radiol. Batra P. Radiology of monitoring devices. In Syllabus for thoracic imaging , the annual meeting of the Society of Thoracic Radiology. Diagnostic imaging of ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunctions and complications. Received: 06 June Accepted: 11 Aug. Appendix 1: Self-test Questions. Answers self-test questions.